Drill Weekend Explained

BogiDope, a C-17 on the ramp.

One thing is for sure—whether you are coming to the Guard from Active Duty or “off the street” as a newly hired Undergraduate Pilot Training (UPT) student, you probably want to know what drill weekend is. While drill weekends in the Guard are different everywhere, as each Wing or Group has the leeway to execute drill in the way they see fit, this article will shed light on some of the common ways Air Wings will utilize drill weekends. 

The correct term for drill weekends are Unit Training Assemblies (UTAs).  While this is the official name, most individuals refer to it as “drill” and only use the term UTA when they are referring to the orders or status they are on when reporting for duty. 

You can execute up to 48 UTA periods per fiscal year.  From a pay perspective, each UTA period worth 1/30th of your monthly base pay plus 1/30th of your monthly flight pay.  You can (and most will) use two UTA periods in one day—therefore, you are using four periods in a drill weekend.  In other words, you are essentially getting paid four days to work two.

For example, if you were a Major, here’s what your 2017 pre-tax drill pay might look like:

  • Base Pay (O-4 over 8 yrs) = $6,446.40/30 = $214.88
  • Flight Pay (over 6 yrs) = $650/30 = $21.67
  • Each UTA Period = $214.88 + $21.67 = $236.55
  • Two UTAs Per Day = $473.10
  • Four UTAs Per Drill Weekend = $946.20

​Getting paid just under $1,000 to fly and hang out with your friends during some routine ancillary training isn’t so bad!

Drill weekends occur one weekend out of every month during the year.  Specifically, they are conducted on a Saturday and Sunday.  For most units, the drill weekend will be followed by an “off Monday”.  Drills at most units start around 0730 and conclude at 1630 in the afternoon.  These are important events—it is the one time each month when everyone in the unit, including the part-time Drill Status Guardsmen (DSG), will be together and train.  

For most units that have a flying mission, they will schedule either Saturday or Sunday as a fly day.  A drill weekend fly day normally looks like any other fly day during the week when the squadron is flying.  If you’re currently on active duty, flying on the weekend is not normal—but rest assured this will become your new normal in the Guard. This day is normally reserved for the DSGs to fly since they are not always at the squadron like their full-time counterparts.  This is not always the case, but most squadrons try to optimize the time that the DSGs are at the squadron for them to get their required sorties. 

The other day that is not taken up with flying will be filled with meetings and ground training. This training is critical to keep the unit deployable and ready to go to war.  Unfortunately, just about everyone will agree that the ancillary training is not fun.  However, when you are forced to accomplish it with a group of your closest friends from the squadron it can become enjoyable. 

Most commanders will take advantage of this time to have a “Commander’s Call“ where he or she will address the entire squadron and pass along important information about what is happening in the squadron, group or wing.  Additionally, academic classes will be given to raise awareness of hot button issues and the overall knowledge of the squadron on everything from regulations to tactics. 

On the other hand, some squadrons will take full advantage of the weekend and fly on both days.  This is rare but it has been done in the past.  While this maximizes flying time for the squadron, it greatly reduces the amount of time available for pilots to receive the ground training they need.  There may be some weekends when no flying is accomplished at all.  This can occur when the unit wants to have a lot of time to be able to accomplish their required academics, ancillary training and ground training. 

If you are like many individuals that are not used to working on the weekends, you might be wondering what happens if you are not available during a weekend for drill. It’s actually pretty easy (once again, every unit handles it differently); all you need to do is ask your commander for a UTA excusal.  With the commander’s permission, you are allowed to miss drill weekend and make it up at a later date. 

When you miss a drill weekend you don’t lose out on the money or the resource, instead you get to reschedule that drill period for any other time during the fiscal year.  For example, you could use the UTA periods from a missed drill in March on a random Tuesday and Wednesday in July.  They can be used any day of the week and any month during that fiscal year.

This process is called Rescheduled Drill (RD).  Think of a RD just like a UTA except you are using that resource on a day that it was not originally intended to be worked—you have some control over when this will be, which is probably the best thing about a drill excusal. RD’s can be a great resource for pilots, but the one downside is that you will miss out on a lot of the preplanned training events.  Therefore, the you will have to take responsibility to make sure that you get the training you need in order to be current.

One thing that can interfere with drill weekends are TDYs or deployments. When the squadron is TDY during a drill weekend, then all the aforementioned training is not being accomplished.  It can be expected that other drill weekends are going to be needed to accomplish the training that was missed while the unit was gone. Once again, pilots can use RDs to accomplish the training they missed at any other time during the fiscal year. 

Drill weekends are not a big mystery, but they definitely take some time to get used to.  If you expect to fly, go to meetings and execute some ground training then you will be in the right mindset to attend drill.  Perhaps you will enjoy drill—it can be fun.  Think of it as a great excuse to hang out with some of your best friends one weekend per month. 

Related Articles

Air Force Terminology

Joining the Air Force requires a lot of adaptation. One fun and frustrating example of this is learning to “speak Air Force.” When serving in…


  1. The Vice Commander for my ANG wing has “requested” my employer’s support for me to be absent for a UTA that was rescheduled to Thursday and Friday vs. the weekend but I’m also committed to a high-profile TDY with my civilian employer (USAF/AFMC) where I’m presenting at a conference to important nation-wide partners. If I can’t avoid erring altogether, I have to err on the side of the civilian position because that’s about 95% of my income, but I’d rather just point to the regulation.